Palace of Versailles

Palace of Versailles

Palace of Versailles is located in the southern suburbs of Paris, masterpiece of Baroque-Rococo style. From the date of completion, is the European Court the object of envy and raced to imitate. Summer Palace in St Petersburg in Russia Vienna, Schönbrunn Palace, Potsdam’s Sanssouci Palace and Germany Bavaria hailunximu Lake House following the Palace and gardens of Versailles. Palace’s fame, is unmatched by any other palaces. In 1980 as a European Court building and the Supreme masterpiece of garden art was included in the world cultural and natural heritage list.

From zone 5 to Versailles, the easiest way is to take the RER c line. Must pay attention to is that the same platforms will have different line trains, but no destination tag on the car. Only in the car, when a locomotive on display. So we delayed for half an hour, resulting in front of Versailles to be super long line.

From Versailles Rive Gauche station, without any signage, go with the flow, up to 10 minutes saw Palace. In light rain, is still a long team. And buy tickets and enter the Palace team was different. Temporary ticket more painful. To wait much longer. Before the Raiders said the passport from team entrance. But in fact, team entrance although nothing lined up, but crowded chaos than anywhere else. I have a crowded car during peak domestic bus feeling. And when we finally get time, passes cannot be used in this entry … Fortunately, staff reasonable, still opening put us in. Entering the first map and guide, and follow the guide in the order began visiting the famous Palace. This praise of Versailles, this guide is the only one with Chinese sites.

Palace of Versailles is very, very crowded, almost everywhere are lined up along the crowd slowly move around, stopped and looked at the little chance. Telling the truth is not like here, was too noisy. Visit free tour to enjoy the fun. Looking back now think it’s strange, how so many people that day. Tuesday is not a holiday or weekend. Is full of opulent luxury, splendid frescoes, tapestries, Velvet paintings and crystal chandeliers. Looked at were pretty good, but overwhelming and sentences together, cumbersome dazzle, much rather have eye strain.

1682 14 of the French Court of Louis XIV moved from Paris to Versailles. Nobles are proud of was invited to the Palace rooms at day and night pleasures. Don’t want to rebel seizure of the atmosphere of luxury. Versailles became not only Europe’s largest and most majestic, the most luxurious palaces, France and Europe’s aristocratic Centre, Arts Centre, led the cultural fashion. Heyday, lived in the Palace of Prince Prince of princes and noble women, nobles, bishops and their attendant servants up to 36,000 people. Louis 14 and there are many classes are contemporaries of the Chinese emperor Kangxi. Two men for the young emperor, and create a generation of prosperity. During the reign of Louis XIV 14, Europe is known to be “Louis 14 centuries.”

Queen bedroom, quite a few fengguanxiapei meant. Barrier is already outside, Queen of all the nobility in the fence outside in the morning, by the Queen’s dress, ladies wash, no privacy. France Royal rules now seems quite absurd, like Prince and Princess dining scene are open to the people, it was said that every day a large number of various levels of people rushed into the House and watch them eat. Even more ridiculous is the Queen of children’s scene is open to the public. Louis 15 Queen is said to have babies, the bedroom was filled with people enjoyed watching, so that indoor air dirty, Louis and 15 had to personally push through the crowd to open the Windows for ventilation of the room.

The most famous Hall of mirrors in Versailles, it is garden 17 huge floor to ceiling Windows on one side, the other side is composed of more than more than 400 pieces of mirror the huge mirror. Louis 14 here often held a masked ball, where guests can enjoy the garden through the window from the mirror. Fine carved on the floor in the Office, the walls adorned with lilac and white marble veneer, next to Angel sculptures are bronze gold plated top decoration theme is wings of the Sun, said reverence for Louis XIV, 14. Be 24 great Bohemian crystal chandeliers on the ceiling. With large mirror as interior, is not uncommon today, then it will be an unprecedented originality. When crystal chandeliers lit thousands of candles at night, and maps in a mirror, but dazzling …

There is the famous picture: Napoleon’s Coronation, the Pope first to go to Notre Dame for the coronation of Napoleon, Napoleon Crown Queen of his own groundbreaking artist David drew more than 200 more faces in this picture can identify somebody. Similar paintings at the Louvre site. The difference between the two in only one place, you can see from the pictures found here?

Baroque and Rococo palaces around too long oppressed, the window of the small rain, and to the garden walk. Palace of Versailles is a model of the classical three-section building symmetrical outline neatly. Palace of Versailles some bugs me, but walking in the rain in a garden secluded, is quite comfortable. Due to space limitations, again writing under garden.

Wrote so much, you may also be wondering why I said the palaces of Versailles is also adding a simple attribute, for three reasons. First, the building is the home of Louis Fouquet, 14 to see Finance Minister cardiac jealous and hunting lodge rebuilt as the. At the beginning of its construction after the 21st year, Louis XIV 14 can’t wait to move in, all completed but took a century, only lived three generations of Kings. Because of the pressing time limit, most of the housing in addition to the limited space and the space of the Palace of Versailles, only use quick decorated frescos and wall covering. Is like a Chinese old saying ironically upstart “new tree small wall paint”. Even a glittering, can’t escape the “nouveau riche” shadow. Even compared with the Louvre, still the poor relation. After all it is dozens of law he carefully and slowly in a primary in more than 400 years to create.

Secondly, the huge Palace of Versailles even a toilet and toilet facilities at all. Louis hadn’t bathed in Fourteen-One life, even the Crown Prince had to solve toilet problems inside the fireplace. Curious about those Queens and ladies how to solve the very real problems … Louis XV was extremely sick and its Palace, don’t think it’s too big and warm, slick, country after his family moved to the Tuileries Palace.

Peter and Paul Fortress

Peter and Paul Fortress

Peter and Paul Fortress is located in the Centre of Saint Petersburg, right bank of the Neva River, is the famous ancient architecture of St Petersburg. The Fort on May 16, 1703 by Peter the great in the Coney Island groundbreaking, and Petersburg peers. Petersburg is under protection of the birth and development of the fortress, Peter and Paul Fortress as Russia Sweden outpost created by the war in the North. Peter the great personally for it and an easy defense sites, overseeing construction work. Expansion into several times after.

A hexagonal shape of the fortress, there is a lot of firepower, the loopholes as big as a window to the outside, the entire fortress building impregnable. But since Peter the great in a series of military campaigns that followed were won, making the Fort has never been attacked, and became Russia’s inner city. As a result fortresses changed Russia’s prison, the Fort’s military command into the interrogation room (currently used as a Museum), Russia built the Bastille. Is ironic, which held the first prisoner was the only son of Peter alikexie, on charges he fled over, toward the throne. Peter son in custody, and personally tried, and finally, the secret to death.
In addition to the Peter and Paul Fortress held Peter’s son, also held the Petrels, author of Gorky and Ostrovsky, Czerny Fyodor Dostoyevsky and many other Russia writer. On the eve of the revolution, of course, still held Lenin’s brother.
However, this castle when we visit, but do not feel the Majesty of the fortress, feel to the prison of the dark, just find yourself walking in a park and scenery is beautiful, people are beautiful, and King formed a picture of a beautiful painting!

Fortress in the St Peter and Paul Cathedral, Bell Tower, St Peter, Peter boat House, mint, and arsenal, kelongweierke cupolas, the December revolution monument, and other buildings.

Among them, the most famous is the St Peter and Paul Cathedral. The Cathedral was built in 1703, was originally made of wood, 1712-1733 where they are turned into a stone Cathedral. Is an early Russia Baroque Cathedral. Church looks solemn, decorated splendidly, copper-plated chandeliers and colored crystal chandelier. Inner wall of the Church is decorated with 43 jingdiaoxilou wood statues. Church from Peter the great to the Russian tsars Alexander III’s Tomb, many large public funeral here, stands the marble gravestone. On July 17, 1998, the remains of the last Tsar Nicholas II and his family are also buried here.

122 meters high Bell Tower of the Cathedral, by mid-century, is the tallest building in the city. 3.2 meters high Angel statue on the Tower Spire, statue of wings extend 3.8 m, 6.4 meters high statue head cross. Glittering spire of the tower into the sky, the landscape is very charming.

This is the punishment of solitary confinement.

This is the hostel.

This statue is a bit abstract, is by the 1:1 into the Peter the great statue, apparently, his hands and feet are long, but always to look to visitors.

Goddess of the Stockholm

Goddess of the Stockholm
Sweden’s capital Stockholm is a very special city, there are many interesting places in the city. Its two main streets, were built on the site of the ancient city walls, the main means of transport in the city, is the underground railroad, also known as the “world’s longest underground art gallery.” Stockholm is also a famous and colorful “underground world”. Shops, factories, warehouses, car parks, markets, power plants, arsenals, hospitals and so on, are built on the ground. Traffic congestion don’t see metropolis on the ground, “the noisy bustle of feature. Also, the sitegeermo the whole city, all buildings in a number of big and small islands. 70 bridges between islands to string together to form a complete city. Waterway criss-crossing the city, water transportation is very convenient, known as the Venice of the North. Looking down from a great height, Stockholm like floating in the blue shimmering pearl, brilliant, shining.
The climate in Stockholm is very special, and the summer days are long and at night is very short. In the winter, during the very short, is a long, long evening, especially to the annual December 13, in Stockholm the night the longest day, that day into the city since ancient times and some festivals–Lucia Festival.
Lucia is the heart of Stockholm’s most sacred goddess, she is in the darkest time came to this city. In the winter, Stockholm, only for a few hours during the day, often eaten after lunch, the sky began to darken, and in the evening, people not only do not work, still have to alert all kinds of attacks. Because of the cover of night, bandits wicked Braves wǎng wǎng been out, outside the city to misbehave, Hornets. Even more frightening is, day and time is getting shorter, the night the time is getting longer and longer, continues, would it not be dark? As the helpless, people had no choice but to pray for God’s protection and grace, o God darkness, back to their day. May is they of pious moved has God, may is God moving has mercy of heart, Pat see they again by suffering, soon Hou, is December 13 this days night, suddenly has a female Angel comes to this city, she head Shang wearing with beautiful of corolla, wear a white white of clothes, she each to a place, with she of white clothes gently a brushed, a that place is a light. Overjoyed, euphoric, they follow the goddess Lucia trouble around every corner of the city, the darkness is dispelled, bright was born. From that day onwards, Stockholm’s long day by day by day, at night is getting shorter. People really appreciate Russian goddess feat. They have every December 13Day as Lucia Festival. The Festival became people’s biggest and noisiest Festival in Stockholm. At the beginning of, people in the family to celebrate Lucia Festival, every family dressed up as Russian youngest girl. Was dragged to the ground by she put on a white dress, wore a beautiful corolla, Corolla is equipped with 7 lighted candles and bright. Then let the glamorous Russian stood in the middle of housing, house full of candles, is filled with holiday good food on the table, everyone around the Russian and sing and dance. Later, the Festival moved to the community. People in the many beautiful girls in public elected luxitu girl, in this day of the Festival, so she stands in beautifully decorated convertible tram. , In front of big band way back is singing and dancing crowd. Walk slowly along the brightly lit streets. People crowded into the streets on either side, to watch, keep Lucia waved the goddess. Stockholm, December 13 is the longest night of the day, since the emergence of Russian goddess, Stockholm is a city that never sleeps.

A pure land – Hagia Sophia Church

A pure land – Hagia Sophia Church
In Fourteenth Century, there were two powerful countries on the continent of Europe, one is the Byzantine Empire, one is the Turkey empire. In order to expand their forces, they conquered many small countries, and finally they began to compete. Just then, a Byzantine Empire occurred in the Turkey army to let, through the Dardanelles, into the balkans. Less than half the time the Byzantine Empire only Constantinople and around the small area. At the critical moment of national survival, the feudal owners still only for their great byzantine. Some even openly surrendered. But the people of Constantinople unwilling to be enslaved, as a desperate struggle against the enemy.
The Turkey army away from the local, supply, and siege and no progress, Sultan Mohamed S a headache, there is no way to what. After a few days, and there is a problem, how can’t he bend the brows, anxious.
Over the past few days, the fight is still no progress, but lost a lot of soldiers.
At this time, suddenly there was a soldier for.
“The emperor long live, I came to see you about siege.”
“What, you have a way to it?” Sultan Mohamed S looked at him half believe and half doubt.
“I thought of a way, I wonder if you would like to try.”
Listen to the soldier said siege tactics, Sultan Mohamed II music.
Then, the Turkey army has organized a new siege, but this time with a few times before, they in the brigade soldiers before the soldier led by a group of carrying many beekeepers bee box.
The troops quickly arrived at Constantinople, the beekeepers immediately put into the hive city. Appoint time into dry tens of thousands of bees from the hive broke open the overwhelming flying out, met people sting, the defenders and the sting of blinded, a Wah, a mess, suddenly lost the ability to defend the war. The Turkey army stormed two hours done in one vigorous effort, after fully occupied Constantinople, so far, has a history of one thousand years of the end of the Byzantine empire.
In order to report siege to the shooting of three ordered the emperor of Turkey, the people in the city of death countless treasures, wanton robbery did not move is the only Hagia Sophia Church, perhaps the magnificent building conquered every soldier, perhaps they will find spiritual sustenance. The Turkey city was renamed Istanbul, the churches converted to Islam mosque.
Now most of the buildings should be in sixth Century, the construction of the era of emperor charles. It lasted more than 7 years, the cost of a huge, it represents the peak of the East Rome imperial architectural art. Now let’s take a look at the world building’s treasures.
The front of the church is a gorgeous courtyard, surrounded by colonnades surrounding the central pool. Through the door to the triple front porch, followed by the grand porch, it is 61 meters long, 9.1 meters wide, divided into two layers, the lower for Protestants and regret to use, the upper part of the church porch. The median plane combination is square, length of 32.6 meters, 183 meters long, 7.6 meters wide stone pillars erected arch. Supported on lap 4.5, to support the large dome. The large dome is 15 meters high, 32.6 meters in diameter. It is said to be able to see it in the Caspian Sea. Beside of 2.5 dome, the nave is oval. The first section of China’s construction in a hurry, the dome once collapsed, repair increases buttress. But later generations can still learn from it, its structure and the structure of the craftsmen to the structure of the analysis ability has reached a fairly high level.
In fact, the most striking, or its internal structure. The church interior space is quite grand, both unified and full of changes, the size of half dome complex changes. Especially the central circle up obvious fulcrum, and composed of 40 of the lower dome opened 40 windows, so when people in the dark in the hall, the slanting rays of the sun shone through the window in the hall, the eyes will be a black and white pattern, make people have a wonderful feeling of floating in the air in general. No wonder that the famous historian Pu Luokaibi, said: “if the sky is suspended by chains.”
The most distinctive feature of the building is the use of color. The dome was built of brick, and it was covered with gray lead. Inside the wall everywhere with the color of the marble, the marble from Rome, Athens, Epher and shipped, white, green, blue, black, red and other colors. The column is mostly green, the stigma is colored gold inlay, ground color gravel patterns, vault and dome is for glass wool and gold inlaid stone, the angels and saints. The whole hall was dazzling, extraordinary, make every saints feel mysterious religion. While the outside wall mortar, bands as black and white, like a stone and brick mixed together, so that the shape is simple and elegant.
To see this magnificent building, it is no wonder that Justinian entered the church could not help shouting: “thank God, I choose to accomplish the grand cause of! Solomon, I’m more than you!”
Later, Turkey built 4 minarets, in some decoration, its name was changed to Aya Sophia, meaning “holy wisdom”. Until 1935 here to the military museum name reverted to “sophia”.

Altamira cave paintings-a five year old girl found

In 1870, Spain scholar Shao Torah on the hole site discovered Paleolithic layers, to play with his 5 year old girl Maria came across the caves frescoes. Shaoxing Torah study as the Paleolithic paintings, but denied by the academia, 20 years later, was able to admit that. Altamira Cave was first discovered the Paleolithic mural locations are typical representatives of this mural art. Hole in the main draw are animals such as bison, deer, there are figures and geometries. Drawing styles can be divided into 5 periods that are associated with each other. Early fingers side-by-side in the wet traces of wall painting, later was holes in the period known as “draw” on top of the hole, several paint to draw a animal images, each image is about 2 meters, leaping Stags, the death throes of the bison, realism, full of life, full of vitality. Skills and realistic, and accurate perspective, structure of subtlety, style is simple, straightforward, and is the highest achievement of Paleolithic art. When cave painting found in stone lamps for lighting. Altamira Cave from the Paleolithic era inhabited the aurignacian period starts in late, sparse rutte later culture due to the holes gradually collapsed, people no longer lived and devoted to religion or witchcraft ritual place. Therefore, the entrance of residential deposits only up to the solutrean culture, cave murals have remains of the Magdalenian culture.
Altamira cave paintings of bison
More than 10,000 years ago, ancient people were painted so lifelike animals on the stones, and the picture still remains with bright colors, it’s incredible.
From Spain, capital of the autonomous region of Cantabria in Santander based on less than half an hour’s drive you can reach Altamira. Altamira Cave is located more than 10 km from the Cantabrian coast in a mountain high ground. Drizzle the other day, opening heights full of green. Here the winter cold and summer heat and abundant rain. Mild climate, abundant rainfall raised the mountain green.
Altamira Cave more than 270 meters long, with a size of 11 caves. About 1. 80,000 to 1. 50,000 years ago, a far the ancients live here, left in the cave wall of a lot of animals of painting. In order to protect rock paintings in caves, Altamira has stopped is open to the public. In order to allow people to continue to enjoy the art treasures of prehistoric humans, built a new Museum near the original cave caves, on rock paintings in Altamira up, saving the best copy of the 2nd hole.
In about seventy or eighty square holes on top, covered with paintings of animals – Buffalo, wild horses, wild goats, and deer, and some ancient hand-shape and some have failed to decipher the symbols. Most of these paintings as colored, main color is reddish and black, there are also hints of yellow and purple, colorful, animal life. A Standing Buffalo, proportion, muscle fullness, tail cocked up like swing, wild look on his face. A wild horse, smooth lines, the body is tall, strong and vigorous.
Carefully draw edges have lines of nicks, nicks is the black line. It keeps people guessing, owner of this cave is the first million years ago with a hard, sharp-edged stone tools carved in the rock contours of the animal, and then with black edges, and red and black pigment. According to research, Cave of the master of paint from natural minerals, bright colors long faded. Ingenious use of roof rock lot rugged natural painting, reveals the animal’s natural qualities. Some painting inscribed with lines, no color is probably not finished work. Rock paintings in the roof there are more than 30 paintings, style is basically the same. Experts speculate that these works are likely to come from one or more masters of painting. Due to this cave rock paintings are drawn on top of the big hole, gave it a “big cave” name. Colorful due to the hole on top of the rock paintings, people referred to it as “colourful caves”.
The discovery of Paleolithic cave art of Europe, mainly in France in southwestern Spain Frank – Cantabria in northern regions. The cliff paintings in the cave, with its grand scale and magnificent courage, Madlyn Paleolithic culture the most representative works of the period.
1879 in Spain found in Altamira (Altamira) Cave, is a Paleolithic cave paintings, the most famous one.
Famous cave paintings, are from the left of the entrance and another one in, is inconsistent. When it was first found, the roof from the ground is very low, in order to facilitate the visit, dig down deep, and now is no more than about three meters high square cave, cave there is a bump at the end of the rock face, is digging deep when to stay, the rock was covered with a canvas, for the enjoyment of visitors lay on his back cave paintings. Its location opposite the cave painting that wonderful images of bison.
Cave painting as contour lines and some very deep, shallow, thin, and outlined with black and red fill color, thick black lines, red fill color is thick, also slight shading. Make full use of the rock surface of the works to show the ups and downs of the muscles and bones of the animals, when you lay the animal’s torso, cleverly exploited the high spot of the rock, constitutes muscle round shapes, coupled with the four-leg curl, the vivid images of the famous the wounded bison is produced. This work up to 2 m, it depicts the buffaloes huddled after the injury, struggling, accurate performance of the animal’s structure and dynamic. RASCO cave are different, Altamira mural profile slender and light to enter change of weight bias, and color rendering are linked closely together, through the dynamic structure of the animal body, fluctuations of light and shade are richer, even feelings are more delicate, but than the Lascaux cave paintings as bold and powerful.

Shanhaiguan — the best in all the land.

Shanhaiguan, the eastern end of the Great Wall China first, history, around it, there have been many major historical events. Now is the time of peace, daoqiangjianji cold weapons has quit the stage of history. The new era of the the Great Wall in Shanhaiguan, has been included in the world cultural heritage, has become for us to visit the places of historic interest and scenic beauty.
In the Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall, from Beijing Badaling to Shanhaiguan is integrally, (from the Beijing Badaling West to Jiayuguan in Gansu are connected into a whole, after failing to meet the conclusive writing record, is not arrogantly. The early Ming Emperor Period (1368 -), due to the resist to retreat in the desert grassland to the Beiyuan forces counterattack, army general Xuda was ordered to repair the Great Wall, in rammed earth and brick package Leiqi Great Wall stretches for thousands of miles, extremely rugged, plays an important role in defending the country; to the Wanli period (AD 1573 -), is the needs of national defense, Qi, a national hero and in West Yong Tong Beijing Badaling, the east to Shanhaiguan Great Wall on the upgrading of 1017 tower, enhance the defensive function of the Great Wall, the above is Shanhaiguan Great Wall of the background, to find out is very necessary, but also very interesting.
Now the Shanhaiguan Great Wall scenic spot, should include adjacent old leader, the first pass under heaven, of nine gates, angle mountain different section of the Great Wall in general. This is not connected, paragraphs after repair, some attractions.
Old leading scenic area is not large, about 700 acres, by the sea Shicheng, Jing halogen Taiwan, Ning Haicheng, Chenghai floor, off the mouth of the South China Sea, sea temple and connection of these buildings coastal great wall composition. Jing halogen Taiwan is the easternmost of the Great Wall towers, built directly on the sea Shicheng, its body is affected by the Bohai ntao day scouring, bears the sea guard duty; Chenghai building is the old leading the Great Wall vantage point, the Kangxi years of the Qing Dynasty rebuilt, because at the time of the ruling group is the Manchu people, their home is northeast Liaoning, Jilin area, and the Mongolia ethnic relations processing is relatively good, so, the the Great Wall will lose the role of defense, specific to Chenghai building the perfect place, also became the Qing Dynasty tours of the sea, the Qing Dynasty Kangxi, Yong Zheng, Qian Long, Jia Qing, Daoguang emperor here; Ning Haicheng yes, the old guard stationed leading soldiers living in the Ming Dynasty, is a closed Town, only the south side is directly connected with the sea Shicheng, to the sea is open, Zhou Changgu Meter is a few hundred meters, now inside reconstruction have administration, Department of garrison, Long Wu, bouleuterion, purlin, building, in order to let visitors know during the Ming Dynasty soldier training and living conditions, now the city also has a temple, to commemorate the Ming Dynasty with mountain and sea off the construction of the great wall, guard the patriotic general, Xuda, Qi, yuan Chonghuan, Xiong Tingbi, sun Chengzong, Ge Shouli, Zhu Mei seven star.
“Jing halogen units” name implies: brine and seawater; “halogen” and homophonic “prisoner of war” and “Jing halogen” can directs the sea was calm and pacify the enemy prisoner, pun.
The Great Wall in the old leading the construction of the Eight Allied forces invaded China and the war of resistance has been severely damaged, the old leading scenic spot is rebuilt in 1980s.
The best in all the land in the old faucet off area 4 kilometers north, is an ancient city, is now part of Shanhaiguan city. Shanhaiguan area, lie in the south of the sea and the North Yanshan between a piece of ground, for thousands of years has been human in this life, multiply, until the Ming Dynasty, because of the sharp opposition to the minority regime in the Ming Dynasty Han regime, and the northeast, making the military to a unprecedented important, through making great efforts to construct Ming Xu, sun Chengzong, Chi Chi and other generals, a powerful defense pass defense system formed, because it is in between the mountain and the sea, so “Shanhaiguan” is the natural form.
From the geographical location, Shanhaiguan is bridge, the first pass of the Great Wall, the eastern.; from the geographical situation, Shanhaiguan mountains and the sea, only 7.5 kilometers of distance between the mountain and the sea, in the distance, a tall and sturdy great wall cut off the plains thoroughfare, middle is Shanhai Guan city relations, Guan City also dig moat to defend, can be said to be impregnable pass lock AI, easily defensible. So, when the Shanhaiguan was called “the best in all the land.”.
Shanhaiguan city relations, is one of the Acropolis in the Ming Dynasty, was a square, about 4.6 kilometers of circumference, high walls 14 meters, 7 meters thick. It can be counterparts of ten, five horses and ride, the volume of giant amazing. Tower mostly destroyed in the war, wall part keeps down, now local in the overhaul of the walls has been basically around the, the tower has been basically completed the and a half new mountain Guan Guan town appears in front of the world.
Walls in the middle of the thing north and South are built a watchtower, especially to the east gate of the watchtower, because its face the enemy, than the other three doors are more tall, Dongmen watchtower, built in the high walls, 13 meters high, divided into two layers, the north, East and south face of wall full of arrows windows, “world first” of the plaque hanging in the east gate of the watchtower of the upper median, words by the Ming Dynasty toward the mountains close to write Xiao Xian, font 1.5 meters square, are in italics, vigorous, vigorous, and style tower seamless. Dongmen Jianlou South and southeast corner of the city of Shanhaiguan, built a L-shaped Jingbian floor. During the Ming Dynasty as well as defence function, 1933 was to blow up the Japanese aggressors, the construction is in 1986 by the Ming Dynasty style reconstruction. A provisional Chonglu floor, Weiyuan hall built in the watchtower in the north side of the east gate, east gate the watchtower and Jingbian floor in the middle have muying Pavilion. During the Ming Dynasty are also defensive buildings, buildings are the 1980s reconstruction. The fifth floor forming potential of the “Fab five town, embodies the important strategic position and the majestic momentum. The South Gate of the watchtower, the name “Guia floor”, due to climb to the top of the building, the south is expected to see the sea named, was built towards the Mingjia Jing, 1933 was to blow up the Japanese aggressors, 2004 began rehabilitation, now the building has been built, but things connected to the walls are built in, the impact of the ornamental effect.
Shanhaiguan Guan City, where soldiers and residents living, flat streets, houses peremptory, ancient buildings left not much, in the middle of something to the north, South, and to the intersection of the two thoroughfare Road, the intersection is off the city center, the bell and Drum Tower and Wenchang palace.
The city also built a closed complex part of our soldiers of Shanhaiguan in Ming Dynasty, built in the square on the north side of the site the best in all the land. Because of Shanhaiguan’s military value is extremely important, Shanhaiguan branch is the only agency of the Department of the Ming dynasty. Shanhaiguan soldiers Department founded in Xuande years, the highest executive referred to as principal, announced that Dezhao to Ming death, altogether has 90 principal in the life, work, and bear responsibility for the defense of the task, now here a rehabilitation instrument door, purlin, bedroom, study, trying to show, a restoration of their life, office.
Guan City now hold the architectural style of the Ming and Qing Dynasties — “Wang Grand Courtyard” and Shanhaiguan Folk Museum, is a four sets of homes are combined into a courtyard style buildings and reflects the Shanhaiguan local living, customs, accommodation and living habits, and is said to be Chen Yuanyuan sitting room, Wang Grand Courtyard, or very appreciate the value of.
Guan City, the construction of the Great Mercy Hospital temples, new buildings, now Chinese people atheistic thinkers probably accounted for the vast majority, enlightenment thoughts do not know to what role, let people understand Buddhism knowledge, some money incense poured is likely.

Crystal Palace – the miracle of Architecture

Architectural reasons
Queen of England in Vitoria,, she has a long time, and this period is relatively peaceful. In those years, London has built many beautiful buildings, the streets have been widened, both sides of Thames River also become magnificent. Queen Victoria in London, the first World Expo, to build a famous Crystal Palace.
The idea of organizing such a demonstration of the highest achievements of social construction, human material and spiritual activity was as early as 1851 years ago for the elite of Europe to think of, and to be fascinated. But there was not a plan to be realized, mainly because most of the factory owners were afraid of the competition, and they were against the main spirit of the fair – “all people are free to attend”.
The idea of organizing the world’s fair was eventually ripe in the middle of the nineteenth Century, when the Queen’s husband, Prince Albert, suggested the first such exhibition in Britain. The reason for the exhibition is to be able to achieve in London, thanks to the courage and determination of the British business owners. At that time, the United Kingdom, whether the potential of trade and economic potential, or the production of technical equipment, or the quality of the product is no match, therefore, her big business owners dare to compete with other countries, the main public.
The fair was founded in 1754 to encourage the arts, crafts and trade associations. The task is very difficult: to bring together different countries and nationalities of industrial and artistic products under one roof. In order to complete the task requires an unprecedented house, the house itself has become the main attractions of the exhibition. The British almost in the blink of an eye time, within half a year (some of the information that is in 17 weeks) – Hyde Park in central London built the famous Ophir sound overseas “Crystal Palace”.

Various ideas
The exhibition organizing committee has received 245 very different designs for the future architecture. Artists and the public think that they should not use the traditional style and material to design the new building. Therefore, Joseph Parkstone’s people suggested that architects only use the same iron and glass.
All the people are shocked and European architects did not think of, this reckless Pax pass — he neither architects nor artists, just an ordinary gardener, to built a glass greenhouse, or class of things, rather than brilliant palace. Since there is a real artist and a true craftsman, it can not be used in such an ignorant person’s proposal.
The exhibition hall is a great many balcony three storey building, built by the transparent iron and glass. Total length of 564 meters, 125 meters wide, the roof area of 100000 square meters. In other countries, there is no such building. Even in Paris, the exhibition can only be carried out in a stone floor, there may not be such a big scale. And the construction of the new building in Crystal Palace, “the style of glass and iron”, the other countries of the building and art schools are not acceptable.

Crystal Palace is really like a greenhouse. Generic parks construction and palm trees are planted large greenhouse experience, he came up with the simple and unique solution, and boldly in the structure of the Crystal Palace in the use of iron and glass, and the size of the window of the fence expanded a lot. The use of iron in the framework of the glass cover and the glass front, and there are some famous. But the whole front of such a large social building with glass to build at the time or the first!
Fortunately, the new building is according to the “ignorant gardener” envisioned by construction. The public is pleased to accept it. It just embodies the foggy Aerbiweng residents on the pursuit of light. Because of the decoration of the building and its endless are bathed in the light of the sun.
Crystal Palace has become the first application of a wide range of elements of the building. The whole building with 33 root as the thickness of the iron pillar, constitute one and the same size of the space, with 30 million pieces of the same size glass, a wooden frame and iron beams. The same size of the assembly members are well done in a certain amount, so the construction site will only need to be fitted together.

Inside the palace there is no partition, its interior is a hall. Architects are highly prized by the trees in Hyde Park, and they are not allowed to cut them down. Two strains of one hundred and one hundred years old became the cover of the palace. The famous Russian philosopher, historian, and writer Homi Yakov visited the exhibition and wrote, “the construction must be respected.” Modern people think Crystal Palace is a miracle of architecture in that period. Later, the great Colby Jo Zie wrote this sentence: “I looked at the One’s pupils do not turn. this great building.”
Monument
In 1982, in the world of a construction of the Crystal Palace in London monument for bid, young Russian architects blotsky and ute gold competing header. According to their ideas, in a small piece of a lot of the glass can be raised to raise people’s memories of the tall buildings.
Spirit
If we turn from the progress of science and technology of new materials, new technology and new design results, temporarily put aside, look at the Crystal Palace arched roof, although there is no Gothic architecture “did not pierce the sky e residues” of the external shape, however, people can still from the Rome style of the semicircle, feeling to all towards the religious spirit of God, because of the transparent arched glass roof, which is more convenient for people to communicate with the spirit of God; look to open transparent glass roof of the hall, the people still remember the medieval church prayer hall; around the hall of the portico, while lost in ancient Greece and ancient Rome column column style, however, people can still feel the inner space of classical architecture of European religious atmosphere; color glass curtain wall on the colorful pattern, although there is no European classical The meaning of building the pomp of the sculpture, but also to remind people to daydream about European classical architectural murals…… This is the spirit of a kind of culture, it can show in the classical brick and stone art, can also be reflected in the modern industrial materials, processes and design.

Witness history – the Tower of London

In 1381, the British broke out a massive peasant uprising, in the 40 counties have 25 counties of farmers and the urban poor have responded they kill corrupt officials. Away lords, captured known released from prison inmates, less than half the time, formed by Wat Tyler Mason as the leader of an army of 100000. In June of that year their mighty marched on London, the city’s poor also took up arms into battle, they peasant army of London Bridge and alder door open. Immediately the peasant army captured the holed up in the tower of London, the British King Richard II and too late to escape the finance minister et al, but no unified program and a complete revolution of the spirit of the peasant army without the oppression and exploitation of their rulers see, they decided and the British negotiations to perform the history deplorable page.

Negotiations that day. Wat Tyler only with a one of the guards, to outside London Schmitz feld square, but he absolutely did not expect that is a Hongmenyan, the tragedy of history often occur between the light heart and sincerity.

King and his followers had been waiting for, the Taylor to they hypocritically welcome, king while gallantly guide side particularly politely says: “Mr. Guo Shou Credit, today came alone, very admire eyes, here special Beaujolais a cup, please do not hesitate, please.” Said to him to.

“Slow, sir, I hope to make a clear reply to my one hundred thousand brothers waiting for me.” Taylor answered.

“Mr. why all this seriously, there are words to say, we sat down to talk about the good,” mayor of London, Val, Vits lead to sit down, King North block, Tyler South seat, Taylor and mayor accompany this banquet officially began.
Argue with them and sometimes loud, sometimes silent, King does not have the sincerity retreat in Taylor sharp offensive, embarrassed unceasingly. In order to conceal his embarrassment, he sometimes laugh, sometimes pretending to be thoughtful, but everything that he’s at his wit’s end. Finally he a most shameful gesture, sitting in Taylor’s first mayor seems to have what fall on the ground, he inadvertently stooped to, just listen to a scream, Taylor’s hands clenched belly, his eyes a terrible light, almost equal to the mayor, mayor by bending over the machine to draw sword unexpectedly to pierce the Watt’s chest, then ambush the armor, sword hidden more than 200 people rushed out immediately kill Taylor and guards.

Lose the main leaders of the peasant army was thrown into the bloodshed, a British history vigorous peasant uprising that failed.
Now the page history tragedy has doubled in the past, King Richard II were holed up in the tower of London still standing proudly at the North Bank of the Thames, London bridge nearby.

The tower of London is a group of towers, the center is a Norman style architecture of the tower, which is the oldest building in the tower, also known as the stupa and the central fortress, three layer and at the upper end of the built towers, in addition to the northeast corner towers for graphics, the other three towers square. The white tower is 90 feet high, 15 feet thick wall foundation, the upper 11 feet thick. Baita around inside and outside the four layers of a defensive building, as the inner defensive is 13 towers, Yiweikefeita, Baita and Bichemuta most is famous. As a outer defense tower, the well tower six tower and two bastions, around the outermost no city moat as a prison, held here over British history many nobles and politicians, during the Second World War, Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess also through traitor door city moat Shengtuomata into the tower of London and was sent to prison for this. Baita in St. John’s church is the existing church is the oldest a, the church according to the typical Norman construction is grand and solemn and respectful.

The tower of London was originally for the control of the city of London was built, covers an area of 18 acres, because after two generations of monarchs expansion and renovation so it also reflects the different styles of different times of Britain, can speak, the tower of London is the crystallization of the British all the wisdom of the ages here as the fort, the palace, prisons, the Royal Mint and London archives Museum. Now it seems to have accomplished his historical mission, and as a crown, Wang Pao, weapons, and armor of the exhibition hall. The most famous is the tower of the Royal treasures from the museum mainly displays in the 17th century since monarch gem studded crown, Wang Quanqiu, scepter and other national treasures, weapons Museum exhibited the ancient royal used a variety of weapons, armor and shirt.

Warsaw Mermaid

Brief introduction
In the Polish capital Warsaw the Vistula River west bank stands a bronze sculpture of a human body tail, this is the symbol of the heroes of the city of Warsaw Warsaw Mermaid
The mermaid statue is about 2.5 meters high, Poland is a famous female sculptor of the works of Ludwika Nitshova, built in 1938. The mermaid is a quiet and dignified body handsome fearless beautiful girl. She has curly hair, have beautiful features. Right hand holding the sword over the top, left hand holding the cycling cards supporter, eyes staring into the distance, between the forehead is filled with awe inspiring righteousness showed Polish National unyielding character. The mermaid statue will Beizuo solid hold up high, the more prominent the heroic posture that she.

There are many places there is little mermaid, mermaid legs together, forming a fish. But Warsaw has a distinct Mermaid two legs, leg edge carved adult Lepidoptera, in the legs of the terminal is synthesized fish. The whole statue in the beauty and strength in a body, static in action. Girl’s upper body slightly backward stand, to people with a healthy sense of; and she, sword in hand, lift the top of the head, backward and upward tilt of the fish like tail rudder, plus on the knees, and the tail of the ocean waves, can bring forward feeling, like sailing along the clear course cleaving through the water, make the person produce win beliefs, give a person with strong appeal.
Mermaid half naked, Wuguanduanzheng, plump body, is a beautiful, gentle girl. And her legs in the fish lateral force, Lepidoptera upturned tail, showing its inner strength. The fish is like a warrior’s armor, shark’s fin like a sharp sword, the mermaid is like a soldier to go into battle. The mermaid statue embodies the combination of strength and beauty.

On the Warsaw Mermaid, the people of the Poland people’s desire for freedom and happiness. During the fascist bandits invasion, the mermaid statue was preserved, until the Second World War, the people of Warsaw will be placed on the river.

Stories and legends
The mermaid is a symbol of Poland’s capital of Warsaw, is the patron saint of Warsaw. Folk legend, a long time ago, a man named Zygmunt.

The king of the mermaid in the country everywhere parade, want to find an ideal for the kingdom of the kyoto. One day, the king came to a lonely village Vistula River scenic. Here lived a fishermen, the king looked around, a human body tail of mermaid from the river jump out of the water, for the king sang a beautiful song. The king immediately fell in love with this place, decided to capital here. The king asked the two children were frolicking in the river fishing: “what is the name of this place?” , the child replied: “no name”. The king asked what name, a child called brother, called “Waals (Wars)”, a sister, called “Swann (Sawa)”. So the king decided to name they even together, as the name of the place, this is the “Val Swann” (Chinese translation is “Warsaw”).

A long time ago, there was a beautiful girl in Warsaw. She was industrious and kind. When she was 18 years old, foreign invaders invaded Poland. The cruelty of the enemy burned the city, looting the village, killing innocent people and captured the young girl. In order to avenge the death of their loved ones, to was the enemy’s clutches, in a dark clouds rolling in the night, her wit and bravely from the snare of the enemy fled out. But unfortunately, the enemy found enemy behind tightly chased her, girl struggling to dash forward, when she fled to the banks of the Vistula River, Pentium river stopped her path. In front of the invaders crazy howl, the girl did not yield: “dog robber, I die also can’t fall into your hands!” Jump, put the rolling river, into a golden carp, drill into the river. Things have been for a long time, foreign invaders and an invasion of Poland. The girl picked up arms and led a large number of carp into the body, left the water. They hold a shield, a hand waving sword, and the desperate struggle. The invaders finally failed, but the lovely girl also died bravely. People in order to commemorate her forever, just as Weiss pan dura built the statue. The statue of the mermaid is a symbol of the heroic and unyielding spirit of the people of Poland. On the Warsaw Mermaid, the people of the Poland people’s desire for freedom and happiness. During the fascist bandits’ invasion, the mermaid statue was kept well, until after the victory of the revolution, the people of Warsaw will be placed on the river.

Brief introduction
In the Polish capital Warsaw the Vistula River west bank stands a bronze sculpture of a human body tail, this is the symbol of the heroes of the city of Warsaw Warsaw Mermaid
The mermaid statue is about 2.5 meters high, Poland is a famous female sculptor of the works of Ludwika Nitshova, built in 1938. The mermaid is a quiet and dignified body handsome fearless beautiful girl. She has curly hair, have beautiful features. Right hand holding the sword over the top, left hand holding the cycling cards supporter, eyes staring into the distance, between the forehead is filled with awe inspiring righteousness showed Polish National unyielding character. The mermaid statue will Beizuo solid hold up high, the more prominent the heroic posture that she.

There are many places there is little mermaid, mermaid legs together, forming a fish. But Warsaw has a distinct Mermaid two legs, leg edge carved adult Lepidoptera, in the legs of the terminal is synthesized fish. The whole statue in the beauty and strength in a body, static in action. Girl’s upper body slightly backward stand, to people with a healthy sense of; and she, sword in hand, lift the top of the head, backward and upward tilt of the fish like tail rudder, plus on the knees, and the tail of the ocean waves, can bring forward feeling, like sailing along the clear course cleaving through the water, make the person produce win beliefs, give a person with strong appeal.
Mermaid half naked, Wuguanduanzheng, plump body, is a beautiful, gentle girl. And her legs in the fish lateral force, Lepidoptera upturned tail, showing its inner strength. The fish is like a warrior’s armor, shark’s fin like a sharp sword, the mermaid is like a soldier to go into battle. The mermaid statue embodies the combination of strength and beauty.

On the Warsaw Mermaid, the people of the Poland people’s desire for freedom and happiness. During the fascist bandits invasion, the mermaid statue was preserved, until the Second World War, the people of Warsaw will be placed on the river.

Stories and legends
The mermaid is a symbol of Poland’s capital of Warsaw, is the patron saint of Warsaw. Folk legend, a long time ago, a man named Zygmunt.

The king of the mermaid in the country everywhere parade, want to find an ideal for the kingdom of the kyoto. One day, the king came to a lonely village Vistula River scenic. Here lived a fishermen, the king looked around, a human body tail of mermaid from the river jump out of the water, for the king sang a beautiful song. The king immediately fell in love with this place, decided to capital here. The king asked the two children were frolicking in the river fishing: “what is the name of this place?” , the child replied: “no name”. The king asked what name, a child called brother, called “Waals (Wars)”, a sister, called “Swann (Sawa)”. So the king decided to name they even together, as the name of the place, this is the “Val Swann” (Chinese translation is “Warsaw”).

A long time ago, there was a beautiful girl in Warsaw. She was industrious and kind. When she was 18 years old, foreign invaders invaded Poland. The cruelty of the enemy burned the city, looting the village, killing innocent people and captured the young girl. In order to avenge the death of their loved ones, to was the enemy’s clutches, in a dark clouds rolling in the night, her wit and bravely from the snare of the enemy fled out. But unfortunately, the enemy found enemy behind tightly chased her, girl struggling to dash forward, when she fled to the banks of the Vistula River, Pentium river stopped her path. In front of the invaders crazy howl, the girl did not yield: “dog robber, I die also can’t fall into your hands!” Jump, put the rolling river, into a golden carp, drill into the river. Things have been for a long time, foreign invaders and an invasion of Poland. The girl picked up arms and led a large number of carp into the body, left the water. They hold a shield, a hand waving sword, and the desperate struggle. The invaders finally failed, but the lovely girl also died bravely. People in order to commemorate her forever, just as Weiss pan dura built the statue. The statue of the mermaid is a symbol of the heroic and unyielding spirit of the people of Poland. On the Warsaw Mermaid, the people of the Poland people’s desire for freedom and happiness. During the fascist bandits’ invasion, the mermaid statue was kept well, until after the victory of the revolution, the people of Warsaw will be placed on the river.

Waver Castle

Waver castle; introduction
King Waver’s Castle (Wavel Castle) is a medieval Poland palace buildings, located in the Vistula river. Founded in 8 ~ ninth Century, to tenth Century to become the Royal Palace in Poland, after the continued construction of the past dynasties, until the Renaissance in sixteenth Century. In the Second World War, Poland was the governor’s house.

It is a city of ancient buildings, built around the four Miyagi style castle walls, around Ancient trees tower to the skies. avenue. Baonei Rome type, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo churches and chapels. The square of the palace of the main building with multi arcade surround, the grand vision, exquisite carving. A Gothic dome Cathedral, laid the Poland kings and queens.
Fort also has the royal mausoleum, now part of the building has become a Royal Museum, the main collection of ancient weapons, Royal treasures and other works of art. Krakow is now one of the most famous monuments, but also one of the world’s cultural heritage.

Waver castle; history
Wawel Royal Castle (Wavel Castle founded in 8th to 9th century, is located in Krakow, the Vistula River Wawel hill. Early in the Kazimierz period (1034-1058 years), here is the entire regions of Poland administrative center. Since the beginning of the castle, the castle has gone through the expansion of the Rome style, Gothic and Renaissance style.

Waver castle; building group
Cathedral
Located inside the castle was built in Fourteenth Century the cathedral, Poland has been crowned king and the royal family burial place. The Kazimierz III (KazimierzWieki), the tomb was built in the Royal Cemetery in the church.

Built and 1018 Gothic dome of the cathedral, and in the interior of the church is a dome shaped royal tombs, lined with kings and queens of the sarcophagus and national hero Joseph Poniatowski and take the German Us Kosvensko Lingshu and communicated with the catacombs is to deposit a famous Polish poet dense CI Cavey branch of white Sarcophagus, alongside is another period in Poland famous poet slowacki black sarcophagus.

Bell tower
In the west of the cathedral bell tower, which is an ancient clock tower, in the top hanging Xiji, Meng Dezhong, weighing 8 tons, shall be eight people also pull rope sounded to. This clock is said to be in 1700 according to the king of the old Xijisi Richmond command, captured in the war weapons and guns metallurgy.

The chapel
At the southern end of the cathedral is the golden dome of Xiji, Meng de chapel, built in 1539, was known as Poland’s most beautiful Renaissance architecture.

Palace Museum
Wawel royal castle of most of the buildings are now opening up as the National Museum, opening to the outside world the king received, procedure, living related rooms, castle on the eastern side of the exhibition hall, showing famous ancient painting, gold and silver thread tapestry, old furniture, ancient weapon, King clothing products. Weapon exhibition museum stored in a handle weighs 7.8 kg of 17th century giant sword; and Poland in the 16th century the famous holy wingceltis woodcarving, 16th century palace tapestries and other precious relics. San Tan wood is fifteenth Century in Krakow as the background. Sculpture reflects the living background: hundreds of people living in the scene, the big 4 meters high, 1 meters small. This is the Poland famous sculptor Witt Stewars and his disciples from 1477 to 1489 which lasted 12 years to complete. In the great holy sandalwood carving is most famous is the manifestation of the Virgin Mary and the 12 disciples hear Christ died after looked sad that a picture.

Waver Palace
In on the eastern side of the museum as the Wawel palace and its median is square, the three sides is Renaissance marble building, in Wang Gongzhong everywhere suspension with hand woven tapestry of Poland. These can be called Poland’s art treasures. From the model to the design of the Poland people are not without the superb skills and wisdom. Which has a picture of 5 meters high, 4.5 meters wide, woven sobieski emperor in the 17th century near Vienna defeated Turkey time of power, the scene quite spectacular.

This site is rich in knowledge, interesting blog, it is the fusion of ancient and modern cultural feast, cover and contain everything.