Shanhaiguan, the eastern end of the Great Wall China first, history, around it, there have been many major historical events. Now is the time of peace, daoqiangjianji cold weapons has quit the stage of history. The new era of the the Great Wall in Shanhaiguan, has been included in the world cultural heritage, has become for us to visit the places of historic interest and scenic beauty.
In the Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall, from Beijing Badaling to Shanhaiguan is integrally, (from the Beijing Badaling West to Jiayuguan in Gansu are connected into a whole, after failing to meet the conclusive writing record, is not arrogantly. The early Ming Emperor Period (1368 -), due to the resist to retreat in the desert grassland to the Beiyuan forces counterattack, army general Xuda was ordered to repair the Great Wall, in rammed earth and brick package Leiqi Great Wall stretches for thousands of miles, extremely rugged, plays an important role in defending the country; to the Wanli period (AD 1573 -), is the needs of national defense, Qi, a national hero and in West Yong Tong Beijing Badaling, the east to Shanhaiguan Great Wall on the upgrading of 1017 tower, enhance the defensive function of the Great Wall, the above is Shanhaiguan Great Wall of the background, to find out is very necessary, but also very interesting.
Now the Shanhaiguan Great Wall scenic spot, should include adjacent old leader, the first pass under heaven, of nine gates, angle mountain different section of the Great Wall in general. This is not connected, paragraphs after repair, some attractions.
Old leading scenic area is not large, about 700 acres, by the sea Shicheng, Jing halogen Taiwan, Ning Haicheng, Chenghai floor, off the mouth of the South China Sea, sea temple and connection of these buildings coastal great wall composition. Jing halogen Taiwan is the easternmost of the Great Wall towers, built directly on the sea Shicheng, its body is affected by the Bohai ntao day scouring, bears the sea guard duty; Chenghai building is the old leading the Great Wall vantage point, the Kangxi years of the Qing Dynasty rebuilt, because at the time of the ruling group is the Manchu people, their home is northeast Liaoning, Jilin area, and the Mongolia ethnic relations processing is relatively good, so, the the Great Wall will lose the role of defense, specific to Chenghai building the perfect place, also became the Qing Dynasty tours of the sea, the Qing Dynasty Kangxi, Yong Zheng, Qian Long, Jia Qing, Daoguang emperor here; Ning Haicheng yes, the old guard stationed leading soldiers living in the Ming Dynasty, is a closed Town, only the south side is directly connected with the sea Shicheng, to the sea is open, Zhou Changgu Meter is a few hundred meters, now inside reconstruction have administration, Department of garrison, Long Wu, bouleuterion, purlin, building, in order to let visitors know during the Ming Dynasty soldier training and living conditions, now the city also has a temple, to commemorate the Ming Dynasty with mountain and sea off the construction of the great wall, guard the patriotic general, Xuda, Qi, yuan Chonghuan, Xiong Tingbi, sun Chengzong, Ge Shouli, Zhu Mei seven star.
“Jing halogen units” name implies: brine and seawater; “halogen” and homophonic “prisoner of war” and “Jing halogen” can directs the sea was calm and pacify the enemy prisoner, pun.
The Great Wall in the old leading the construction of the Eight Allied forces invaded China and the war of resistance has been severely damaged, the old leading scenic spot is rebuilt in 1980s.
The best in all the land in the old faucet off area 4 kilometers north, is an ancient city, is now part of Shanhaiguan city. Shanhaiguan area, lie in the south of the sea and the North Yanshan between a piece of ground, for thousands of years has been human in this life, multiply, until the Ming Dynasty, because of the sharp opposition to the minority regime in the Ming Dynasty Han regime, and the northeast, making the military to a unprecedented important, through making great efforts to construct Ming Xu, sun Chengzong, Chi Chi and other generals, a powerful defense pass defense system formed, because it is in between the mountain and the sea, so “Shanhaiguan” is the natural form.
From the geographical location, Shanhaiguan is bridge, the first pass of the Great Wall, the eastern.; from the geographical situation, Shanhaiguan mountains and the sea, only 7.5 kilometers of distance between the mountain and the sea, in the distance, a tall and sturdy great wall cut off the plains thoroughfare, middle is Shanhai Guan city relations, Guan City also dig moat to defend, can be said to be impregnable pass lock AI, easily defensible. So, when the Shanhaiguan was called “the best in all the land.”.
Shanhaiguan city relations, is one of the Acropolis in the Ming Dynasty, was a square, about 4.6 kilometers of circumference, high walls 14 meters, 7 meters thick. It can be counterparts of ten, five horses and ride, the volume of giant amazing. Tower mostly destroyed in the war, wall part keeps down, now local in the overhaul of the walls has been basically around the, the tower has been basically completed the and a half new mountain Guan Guan town appears in front of the world.
Walls in the middle of the thing north and South are built a watchtower, especially to the east gate of the watchtower, because its face the enemy, than the other three doors are more tall, Dongmen watchtower, built in the high walls, 13 meters high, divided into two layers, the north, East and south face of wall full of arrows windows, “world first” of the plaque hanging in the east gate of the watchtower of the upper median, words by the Ming Dynasty toward the mountains close to write Xiao Xian, font 1.5 meters square, are in italics, vigorous, vigorous, and style tower seamless. Dongmen Jianlou South and southeast corner of the city of Shanhaiguan, built a L-shaped Jingbian floor. During the Ming Dynasty as well as defence function, 1933 was to blow up the Japanese aggressors, the construction is in 1986 by the Ming Dynasty style reconstruction. A provisional Chonglu floor, Weiyuan hall built in the watchtower in the north side of the east gate, east gate the watchtower and Jingbian floor in the middle have muying Pavilion. During the Ming Dynasty are also defensive buildings, buildings are the 1980s reconstruction. The fifth floor forming potential of the “Fab five town, embodies the important strategic position and the majestic momentum. The South Gate of the watchtower, the name “Guia floor”, due to climb to the top of the building, the south is expected to see the sea named, was built towards the Mingjia Jing, 1933 was to blow up the Japanese aggressors, 2004 began rehabilitation, now the building has been built, but things connected to the walls are built in, the impact of the ornamental effect.
Shanhaiguan Guan City, where soldiers and residents living, flat streets, houses peremptory, ancient buildings left not much, in the middle of something to the north, South, and to the intersection of the two thoroughfare Road, the intersection is off the city center, the bell and Drum Tower and Wenchang palace.
The city also built a closed complex part of our soldiers of Shanhaiguan in Ming Dynasty, built in the square on the north side of the site the best in all the land. Because of Shanhaiguan’s military value is extremely important, Shanhaiguan branch is the only agency of the Department of the Ming dynasty. Shanhaiguan soldiers Department founded in Xuande years, the highest executive referred to as principal, announced that Dezhao to Ming death, altogether has 90 principal in the life, work, and bear responsibility for the defense of the task, now here a rehabilitation instrument door, purlin, bedroom, study, trying to show, a restoration of their life, office.
Guan City now hold the architectural style of the Ming and Qing Dynasties — “Wang Grand Courtyard” and Shanhaiguan Folk Museum, is a four sets of homes are combined into a courtyard style buildings and reflects the Shanhaiguan local living, customs, accommodation and living habits, and is said to be Chen Yuanyuan sitting room, Wang Grand Courtyard, or very appreciate the value of.
Guan City, the construction of the Great Mercy Hospital temples, new buildings, now Chinese people atheistic thinkers probably accounted for the vast majority, enlightenment thoughts do not know to what role, let people understand Buddhism knowledge, some money incense poured is likely.